The new regulation for the Energy Transition in Spain fosters flexibility for consumer
Posted by stefanomelchior in Dec, 2019
The past April 2019, new Guidelines (Directiva 944/2019)
and new Regulations (Reglamento 943/2019
), defining the legal framework for upcoming market configuration for electricity, were published: these determined the Government’s commitment for Energy Transition.
This means that some appropriate elements of flexibility in electricity generation and management from renewable sources will be promoted.
These Guidelines will allow active clients and citizen communities to play a key role, as well as the new player in the energy sector for professionals, the Aggregator.
In Spain, it will be possible to partecipate to the Response to the market need of electricity: it will propel the involvement of active clients in a no discriminatory manner, through the self consumption, as they might use their capacity to store and release energy, on top of the incumbement producers.
Within the flexibility framework that will be allowed, consumers will play a key role in Energy Transition: by empowering himself, he will generate as well store his production surplus, as release it to Energy Community
of neighborhood, so that he will be proactively contribute to the digitalization process of the traditional energy grid.
For this purpose, the European Law as well as the draft of Plan Nacional Integrado de Energía y Clima (Integrated National Plan for Energy and Climate) highlights the importance of accessing to consumption data to take informed decisions: this must be easy and for free for end users.
Moreover, these data need to be release in almost real time to face Demand. For this reason, the smart meters
will be the key success factor: the Guidelines defined it as a short time, normally some seconds, limited by the maximum amount of time needed to compensate the deviation at the national compensation market. Currently, the meters read each hour, nevertheless this change will reduce the time frame to 15 minutes, in the next few years.
Finally, the energy sources mainly adopting there class of smart meters for micro generators will be renewable: their growth (bound to decreasing fossil fuels, as for instance coal, that by 2050 should disappear), altogether with an optimized management and distribution through Energy Grid, should boost a more effective control of exploited resources
and a reduction of delivered energy costs for end users
From the current centralized production system, there will be a transition to a decentralized or distributed one. As well, an inefficient Energy Grid will be turned into a smarter one (hopefully to a Neural Grid,
controlled by intelligent algorithms which balance Demand and Offer in real time
, with the state of the art of the infrastructure, either centralized or distributed).
This implies a breakthrough change in the new paradigm of generation, distribution, storage and compensation (or consumption) of electricity